News & Events

  2018-12-13
Everything you need to know about Gingivostomatitis
Gingivostomatitis is a highly contagious infection of the mouth. Its main symptoms include pain, swollen gums, blisters, and sores.

These sores can develop on the tongue, under the tongue, and on the cheeks inside the mouth, as well as on the lips and gums.

In this article, learn more about the symptoms, as well as the causes and available treatments for gingivostomatitis.

What is gingivostomatitis?

It usually spreads through the saliva of an in

Gingivostomatitis is most common in young children, usually under 6 years old, but can also occur in adults. Older people may experience more severe symptoms.

Gingivostomatitis is sometimes called herpetic stomatitis because it is usually the result of infection by the herpes simplex virus. Herpes simplex also causes cold sores.

However, it is important to note that many different factors can cause the irritation and sores in the mouth that are characteristic of gingivostomatitis.

The general medical term for inflammation of the mouth and lips is stomatitis. Factors that can cause stomatitis include:

  • herpes viruses
  • enteroviruses, such as the coxsackievirus
  • bacteria
  • allergies
  • exposure to irritating chemicals or other substances
  • radiation and chemotherapy
 

Symptoms

The symptoms of gingivostomatitis include:

  • pain around the gums and mouth
  • red, swollen gums
  • blisters on the gums, lips, tongue, cheeks, and roof of the mouth
  • ulcers in the mouth
  • fever
  • drooling, especially in children
  • bad breath
  • reluctance to eat or drink

Some cases of gingivostomatitis may be subclinical, which means that the symptoms are not severe, or easy to identify and diagnose.

In other cases, some individuals may go through a period of feeling feverish and having general malaise before the sores develop.

Swollen gums and sores in the mouth make eating and drinking uncomfortable. This can cause children to refuse food and drinks.

One study found that 89 percent of children with gingivostomatitis drank less than usual. To prevent dehydration and poor nutrition, adults should monitor children's consumption and ensure they are getting enough fluids.

 

Adopting a diet consisting of soft foods and avoiding citrus or carbonated beverages can help. In some cases, a person can apply numbing medication to provide relief at mealtimes.

  2018-12-07
What are the benefits of licorice root?
Licorice is a herb that people have used for thousands of years to treat a variety of ailments. Although licorice does have medicinal effects, scientific research only supports some of its uses, and it may not be safe for everyone.

Due to its sweet flavor, licorice is also popular as a sweetener in candies, and manufacturers sometimes use it to mask the flavor of medications. Some licorice candy does not contain any part of the licorice plant but uses anise oil as a flavoring instead because it tastes and smells similar to licorice.

Licorice is available in many forms, including herbal teas, candies, capsules of dried herb, and liquid extract.

Benefits of licorice

There are more than 300 different compounds in licorice, some of which have antiviral and antimicrobial properties.

Some clinical studies investigating the potential benefits of licorice have had promising results, particularly in the following areas:

Skin inflammation and infection


 
Licorice root may help treat eczema.

Eczema is the term for a group of skin conditions that, according to the National Eczema Association, affect over 30 million people in the United States.

Eczema can cause itching, redness, scaling, and inflammation.

Glycyrrhiza glabra extract, or licorice root extract, may be effective against bacteria that can infect the skin, according to a study in the Iranian Journal of Pharmaceutical Research.

The study showed antimicrobial activity against Staphylococcus aureus, which can cause skin infections, such as impetigocellulitis, and folliculitis. In this study, the researchers used extracts from the leaves and roots of the plant.

Stomach discomfort and ulcers

 

A double-blind study found that an extract containing glabridin and glabrene, which are flavonoids present in licorice root, was effective in relieving stomach discomfort. The extract reduced nausea, stomach pain, and heartburn.

Infection with bacteria called Helicobacter pylori can cause peptic ulcers in some people. Research suggests that a licorice extract may help kill H. Pylori bacteria. A clinical trial of 120 people found that the addition of licorice extract to the standard treatment significantly improved H. Pylorieradication.

 

  2018-12-06
Children's Dental Health Month; Get It Done Early!
Prevention is the essential key. Brush and floss daily and have two check-ups a year so you won't have to have a root canal. It hurts me to see people let their mouths go. Take time to floss once a day and brush twice."


The American Academy of Pediatric Dentistry (AAPD), the authority on children's oral health, also announced this month the creation of their Pediatric Oral Health Research and Policy Center. 

The goal of the Center is to inform and advance research and policy analysis that will promote optimal oral health care for children. Through the AAPD, the Center will conduct research studies and policy analysis to further the understanding of practices which will improve oral health for all children. Upcoming work will focus on areas such as successful Medicaid dental reforms, effective oral health literacy efforts; the benefits of establishing a dental home by age one and the efficacy of expanded function dental assistant laws. The Center will assist federal and state policymakers in determining the best policies to positively improve the oral health status of children. 

Pediatric Dentistry places special importance in preventing tooth decay. Studies show that poor oral health care in children can lead to impaired school performance and poor social relationships. Therefore, Pediatric Dentists give advice on how to make teeth strong the importance of developing healthy eating habits and other ways to prevent disease from occurring. 

Additionally, Pediatric Dentists work toward the maintenance of primary teeth (baby teeth) until they are naturally lost. This is due to the importance they serve in permitting children to chew properly and therefore maintain good nutrition, their role in speech development, and the maintenance of space for the eventual eruption of the permanent teeth. 

The role of the Pediatric Dentist changes as children enter adolescence. Recognizing the growing importance of appearance and self-image in their patients, Pediatric Dentists work to ensure that adolescents' dental needs are met. Preventative dental health care is emphasized and when necessary information is provided to adolescents about subjects such as wisdom teeth, tobacco use, sealants and oral piercing. 

  2018-11-30
What to do to keep gums healthy
Practicing good oral hygiene is the most important action that a person can take to prevent and treat gum disease. Most people tend to overlook their gums when it comes to oral health and focus on getting a bright, white smile instead. However, healthy teeth require healthy gums.

Gum disease can lead to tooth loss. Fortunately, a person can take many steps to prevent and even reverse gum disease. These include:

  • brushing the teeth properly
  • choosing the right toothpaste
  • flossing daily
  • taking care when rinsing out the mouth
  • using mouthwash
  • having regular dental checkups
  • stopping smoking

This article examines how these step can help keep the gums healthy. We also provide diet tips for healthy gums and explain how to spot the signs of gum disease.

7 ways to keep the gums healthy

Adopting the following habits will help a person care for their teeth and gums properly, which, in turn, will help prevent gum disease.

1. Brush the teeth properly

 

Brushing the teeth properly is key to having a healthy mouth and gums. The American Dental Association (ADA) recommend that people follow the guidelines below:

  • Brush at least twice a day using a soft-bristle toothbrush and fluoride toothpaste.
  • Replace the toothbrush every 3 to 4 months, or sooner if the bristles begin to fray.
  • Brush the teeth at a 45-degree angle to the gums.
  • Move the toothbrush in short strokes.
  • Press gently.
  • Clean the insides of the front teeth by turning the brush vertically and making several short strokes along each tooth.

2. Choose the right toothpaste

The toothpaste aisle in most stores will contain many varieties of toothpaste, from whitening products to formulas containing baking soda.

When choosing toothpaste, a person should ensure that it contains fluoride and has the ADA seal of approval on the packaging.

3. Floss daily

Many people neglect daily flossing, but the ADA recognize this habit as an important part of oral care.

 

Flossing removes food and plaque from between the teeth and gums. If the food and plaque remain in these areas, this can lead to tartar, which is a hard buildup of bacteria that only a dentist can remove. Tartar can lead to gum disease.

4. Rinse your mouth out with care

Many people rinse their mouth out after brushing their teeth. However, oral hygiene practices should complement the effectiveness of fluoride products, such as toothpaste.

When a person washes their mouth out with water after brushing their teeth with fluoride toothpaste, they wash away the fluoride.

Conversely, when a person rinses their mouth out after eating, they may rinse away food and bacteria that can lead to plaque and tartar.

5. Use mouthwash

According to the ADA, there are two types of mouthwash: therapeutic and cosmetic. Both are available over the counter.

A therapeutic mouthwash can help:

  • prevent gum disease
  • reduce the speed at which tartar builds up
  • reduce the amount of plaque on the teeth
  • remove food particles from the mouth

However, people should not use mouthwash as a replacement for brushing and flossing.

A person should look for the ADA seal. This seal indicates that the manufacturer has demonstrated enough evidence to support the product's safety and effectiveness.

The ADA state that children under the age of 6 years should not use mouthwash.

6. Get regular dental checkups

Dental checkups typically include a professional cleaning of the mouth. Professional cleaning is the only way to remove tartar from the teeth. Professional cleaning can also help eliminate the plaque that a person may have missed when brushing their teeth.

With regular visits, a dentist can help identify the early signs of gum disease and gingivitis, a condition in which the gums become inflamed. Early detection can help prevent more severe problems from occurring.

7. Stop smoking

According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), smoking makes a person more susceptible to gum disease because it weakens the immune system.

 

The CDC recommend quitting smoking immediately to help reduce the risk of developing gum disease. The use of other tobacco products can also increase a person's risk.

 

Diet tips

What a person eats can directly affect the health of their teeth and gums. Different foods can have a positive or negative impact on gum health.

Some of the foods that people should incorporate into their diet include:

  • high-fiber fruits and vegetables, as these can help clean out the mouth
  • black and green teas, which help reduce bacteria
  • dairy products, such as milk, cheese, and yogurt, as these foods help increase saliva production
  • foods that contain fluoride, which include water and some poultry and seafood products
  • sugar-free gum, as chewing it will increase saliva production

It is best to avoid the following foods and beverages:

  • carbonated soft drinks that contain phosphoric and citric acids as well as sugar
  • alcohol, as it can dry out the mouth
  • sticky candies and sweets that stay in the mouth for a while
  • starchy foods that can become stuck in the teeth
  2018-11-29
New strategy defeats cancer cells that evade chemotherapy
Scientists have developed a promising strategy for defeating certain types of cancer cell that survive chemotherapy.
 
New research finds a way to tackle treatment-resistant cancer cells.

The team of researchers tested this new approach in a type of lung cancer in which the cells are able to evade chemotherapy.

In fact, exposure to chemotherapy can alter the cells so much that they become very difficult to treat.

Dr. Gaetano Gargiulo, group leader at the Max Delbrück Center for Molecular Medicine in the Helmholtz Association in Germany, led the recent research, which reveals a potential way around this problem.

The Journal of Experimental Medicine has published a paper on the work.

According to the World Health Organization (WHO), lung cancer is one of the most commoncancers worldwide and the leading cause of death from cancer.

WHO figures for 2018 estimate that 2.09 million people are living with lung cancer and that the disease will cause 1.76 million deaths during this year